By: Zihan Mei, Ryuhei Ichikura, Beko Liu
Instructor: Sarah Williams, Yuan Lai
TA: Yanchao Li, Lily Xie, Patricia Cafferky
source for background image: JRC Global Surface Water Animation
Source: NBC News
There have been many cases of COVID-19 in US, but have all racial groups equally suffered from this new virus? Researchers have already studied the racial inequity in COVID-19 by using big data.
The Atlantic launched a voluntary project, The COVID Tracking Project, and has collected data on COVID-19 testing and patient outcomes from 50 states, and analyzed racial inequity. One of the findings through this project is that high infection rate is seen more in the White-dominant cities.
On the other hands, it also found that the high death rate is seen more in the Black-dominant cities.
This relatively low infection and high death rate in the Black communities lead to our assumption that social vulnerability is one of the major reasons why they have tended to be the victims.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides Social vulnerability index (SVI) in order to help local officials to identify difficulties of communities. SVI is composed of widely ranged criteria such as socioeconomic status, disability, and transportation ability. However, are these enough to explain the situation that derives from the new virus? We suppose that physical accessibility to medical facilities that can take care of patients of this new virus and information accessibility to gather the relevant information regarding the new virus are related to the death rates other than the existing SVI.
Questions to Visualize
We focus on New York City as a case study, because it has wide variety of data, racial diversity and a number of medical facilities. Depending on the format of the collected data, we will focus on ZIP scale as seen in the left-hand racial dot map made by University of Virginia. This map is a reference to relate the demographical condition with the following research into the accessibility and SVI.
ACS Internet Access by Education Variables - Boundaries. Updated on Jan 7, 2020.
We propose households' information accessibility and awareness count in the community's
vulnerability. Generally, people with higher education level shall have better information
accessibility such as Internet connection. Meanwhile, they are also more awared of the trend of
the virus and the scientific treatments.
NYC Health + Hospitals patient care locations - 2011. Updated on July 4, 2019.
COVID-19 Testing Sites. Updated on Dec 1, 2020.
Points Of Interest. Updated on Dec 8, 2020.
Another index we propose is households' physical access to medical facilities. The distance to
those facilities reflects people's ability to get emergency treatment in time and whether they
can reach out for medical help concerning COVID-19, such as testing.
The public hospitals from NYC Health + Hospitals are classified into 4 kinds, while the facilities from Point of Interest is not classified.
CDC Social Vulnerability Index 2018 - USA. Updated on March 19, 2020.
ACS NYC Health - Coronavirus-data - data-by-modzcta.csv. Updated on Dec 2, 2020.
We overlap the two new index with the existing SVI from CDC. We added the dots of death rate on
the map to look for inconsistence. The chart on the right displays the 3 index with death rates
for all the districts.